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He aha ke ʻano o ka meaʻai e ʻono ai ka waina?

Ka manawa: 2020-03-25 Nā Hits: 1

Hōʻike ka noiʻi moʻokalaleo i ke kumu o ke kanu ʻana i ka palaoa i ka poʻe hana i ka wā kahiko e hana i ka waina, ʻaʻole e ʻai i ka meaʻai e hānai ai i ka pōloli, no laila ua ulu ka moʻomeheu rama i kahi nui i nā wā kahiko. I ke kaʻina hana, hoʻohana ʻia nā cereala he nui a nui aʻe no ka hana ʻana i ka winine. ʻO Sorghum, raiki, laiki momona, peas, kulina, palaoa, bale, buckwheat, a ʻo kaʻuala a me kaʻuala hoʻi i hoʻohana ʻia i mea hana no ka hana wāina.

Ma hope o kekahi manawa o ka hana ʻana i ka wā inu waina, ua ʻike ʻia ʻaʻole pili kēia ʻano o "100 grains". ʻO ka hua waina i hiki ke lanakila ka sorghum i kapa ʻia ʻo "Emperor of Winemaking". Ma muli o kāna ʻike starch kiʻekiʻe, kūpono loa ke ʻano o ka hua. Koho ʻia ia ma ke ʻano he maka no ka hana lama lama Kina. Mai ia manawa, ua koho ʻia ʻo sorghum ma ke ʻano he mea ʻai nui no ka hana ʻana i ka waina keʻokeʻo ma ka ulia.

ʻO ka hoʻomohala wikiwiki ʻana o ka ʻenehana hana hou i kēia manawa ua hoʻololi i ke kūlana o ka sorghum ma ke ʻano he alakaʻi i ka hana ʻana i ka palaoa. I kēia manawa, ua lilo ke kulina a me ka laiki i nā pono i wae ʻia no ka inu rama. Brown palaoa, pulupulu laiki, pulupulu laiki, palaina ono, mea ʻala Sorghum.
ʻIke mākou i nā mea kanu meaʻai starchy hiki ke hoʻohana ʻia e hana i ka waina keʻokeʻo, akā no ke aha he ʻokoʻa i ka ʻono o ka waina? He mea maʻalahi ke kumu, no ka mea, ʻokoʻa ka ʻike o nā mea like ʻole i nā ʻano hua ʻokoʻa, ʻokoʻa loa ka ʻono o ka waina i hana ʻia. ʻO ka ʻokoʻa o ka ʻike o nā mea hoʻohui kekahi o nā kumu, a aia kekahi kumu ʻē aʻe e ʻokoʻa ai ka ʻono o ka waina, ʻo ia hoʻi, ʻokoʻa ke ʻano o loko o ka palaoa.

ʻO ka palaoa, ka bale, nā hua pi: Ma muli o ka nui o ka protein, hiki i kēlā mau hua ke kumu o ka ulu nui o nā bacteria ma ke ʻano o ka winemaking, a ʻoluʻolu ʻole paha ka hanauna o nā mea like ʻole.

ʻO ka laiki momona a me ka palaoa: Ua ʻike nā mea āpau he kiʻekiʻe ke kūpikipiki o ka laiki a me ka palaoa. ʻO ka hoʻohana ʻana i kēia meaʻai e hana i ka waina he maʻalahi e hoʻonohonoho a hōʻemi i ka lewa maikaʻi ʻole o ke ea, kahi e hōʻemi nui ai ka maikaʻi o ka inu ʻana o ka waiʻona.
Raiki: ʻO ka raiki kekahi mea hana kope nui loa, akā ma muli o ke kiʻekiʻe o ka momona a me nā cellulose, e hoʻopili ʻia ka ʻono o ka waina keʻokeʻo i kekahi manawa.

Korn: Aia kekahi ʻano o ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka palaina e hana i ka waina. Kiʻekiʻena ka mea ʻono, i kumu ʻia e nā mea kiʻekiʻe o ka waikawa phytic; a he kiʻekiʻe hoʻi ka momona o ka palaoa, kahi e kaumaha ai ka ʻono ʻino o ka waina keʻokeʻo.

ʻO kaʻuala, ʻuala, cassava: ʻoi aku ka liʻiliʻi o ka protein a me ka momona o ka ʻai o yam, akā kiʻekiʻe loa ka ʻona pectin, hiki ke alakaʻi maʻalahi i ka ulu ʻana o nā bacteria like ʻole a hoʻopili i ka ʻono.